A Newark Timeline : Part 2

1300 – 1499

AD 1300

King Edward I at Newark Castle

The Austin Friars in Newark have built a house on Appletongate

AD 1301

First recorded Vicar of Newark: Walter de Coddington

AD 1302

King Edward I at Newark Castle

AD 1304

King Edward I at Newark Castle

AD 1306

King Edward I at Newark Castle

Fleming family in Newark: William Fleming charged with murdering Master Francis of Stoke

AD 1307

John Arderne, skilled in surgery, born. He lived in Newark from 1349 to 1370.

AD 1310

Scheme projected to rebuild Newark parish church – all excepting the tower

AD 1313

February – Building of the south aisle of Newark parish church commenced

AD 1323

2nd & 3rd February: Edward II at Newark. The Great seal having been sent to Newark Castle for safety, was used for sealing letters patent witnessed by the Earls of Pembroke, Surrey, Arundel and others.

AD 1329 – 30

Edward III confirms the grant of fairs and weekly markets on Wednesdays, previously granted by King John.

AD 1330

The right to coin money at Newark is disputed. In the reign of Stephen a grant had been made to Robert, Bishop of Lincoln, to coin money at Newark Castle.

AD 1337

2nd September: Writ addressed to the Bailiffs of Newark to cause an election of representative to the Great Council at Westminster on September 26th.

25th September: Three burgesses of Newark attended the Great Council at Westminster to vote money for the war with France.

AD 1340

Robert Stuffyn de Newark, wool merchant, summoned to Parilament.

Deed of re-lease of the Saracen’s Head hotel in Newark.

AD 1349

The Chapel of Corpus Christi founded within the church of St.Mary Magdalene by Alan Flemyng (died 1361)

18th January: Letters patent issued by Edward III to assign a messuage in Middlegate to the Chantry priests.

The Black Death in Newark

5th May: Licence granted to enclose a new churchyard in Appletongate.

AD 1350

Completion of the spire of Newark parish church

 AD 1361

1st April: Ordnance that the Chantry priests should wear black gowns with surplices.

Death of Alan Flemyng, founder of the Chapel of Corpus Christi in 1349 (see above), and to whom there is a brass memorial in Newark parish church.

1370

Parchment made at Newark for Edward III

AD 1374

Peter de la Mare, speaker of the House of Commons, during the previous parliament, was, by order of the king, Edward III, ordered to be confined for life in Nottingham castle. [Some sources says the confinement took place at Newark]. (Nottingham Dated-Book Part 1, p.63)

AD 1377

Poll Tax levied. The adult population of Newark is recorded as 1,178 (exclusive of clergy, paupers and children).

AD 1380

Hugh Maigne (? Alias Magnus), a Benedictine monk, studies at Newark.

AD 1382

Fourteen convicted clerics escape from the gaol in Newark castle

AD 1385

Building of the nave of Newark parish church commenced

AD 1435

Building of the north aisle of Newark parish church commenced

AD 1454

Wednesday after Easter: Royal Commissioners hold an enquiry at Newark as to the number of aliens liable to pay subsidies in the district.

1461

Some sources give this date (or otherwise during the reign of Edward IV) as the erection of Beaumond Cross, attributing it to the memory of Lord Beaumont who was killed at the Battle of Towton

AD 1462

Edward IV visits Newark

1470

Edward IV passes through Newark

AD 1471

22nd March: Edward IV marches to Newark with over 5000 men to engage Henry of Lancaster’s forces under the Earl of Oxford, who hastily retired to Stamford.

AD 1487  Battle of East Stoke

May: Henry VII gathers his forces at Newark for a great battle with the followers of the Pretender, Lambert Simnel. Six thousand men rally to the king, besides those coming with him from the south.

16th June (Saturday): The Battle of East Stoke – the last battle of the ‘Wars of the Roses’ – took place a few miles to the south of Newark, between 8000 followers of the Pretender (Lambert Simnel) and Henry VII’s army. The Earl of Lincoln, Earl Kildare, Lord Lovel, and 4000 of the Pretender’s men were slain. On the king’s side, half the vanguard was killed. Simnel was taken prisoner.  King Henry VII marches through Newark to Lincoln for a public thanksgiving for the victory.

Great flood at Newark; the bridge near the castle is swept away.

Chancel of Newark parish church commenced.

AD 1498

The chancel of Newark parish church is completed.

16th November: Thomas Magnus is rector of South Collingham. He afterwards became the benefactor to the Newark Grammar School.

AD 1499

February: William Pygge, chaplain of the chantry, bequeaths a writing desk to the Master of the Newark Grammar School.

 Forward to Timeline Part 3 (1500 – 1599)

Back to Timeline Part 1 (From earliest times to 1299)