Joseph Linney was born 1830/31 in Mansfield, Notts. to Francis and Mary Linney. He married Julia Holmes in Mansfield on the 5th April, 1858. He died of Typhoid Fever, age 41 on the 18th April, 1872.
He was the brother of William Linney, who in 1851 founded the printing business which became the Linney Group in Mansfield.
From Trade Directories
1863 – 1869 : LINNEY, Joseph – Premises; 49 Stodman street, Newark. Described as Printer, bookseller, stationer, bookbinder, machine ruler, newsagent, county publisher of the “Newark Record & South Notts Chronicle”, 1866 (published at 1d., and printed at Sheffield).
1872 – 1899 : Succeeded by Mrs. Julia LINNEY – Premises: 49 Stodman Street, Newark. Described as Printer, bookseller, stationer, bookbinder, machine ruler, newsagent, paperhanging dealer, Fancy Repository.
1892 – 1900 : Succeeded by John LINNEY & Sons – Premises 49 Stodman street, Newark. Described as Printers, booksellers, stationers.
From the Census
In 1851 Joseph Linney (aged 21 and single) is recorded as still living at home with his parents in Mansfield, his occupation being described as a Framework Knitter (silk). (H0102/2124 folio 56)
By 1861 he had moved to Newark, had become married (to Julia), and was now listed as a Bookseller, Stationer and Newsagent. Joseph and Julia had one daughter, Constance (aged 1) and a live-in domestic servant in thie residence in Stodman Street. (RG 2479 folio )
Ten years on, in 1871, the household – now comprising three further children; Francis (8), Arthur (7) and Caroline (4) – were still living in Stodman Street, but with no live-in servant. Joseph’s occupation is now given as “Printer, Bookseller, Stationer and newsagent and a Town Councillor”.
[18th April 1872: Joseph Linney, aged 41, died in Newark of Typhoid fever – see newscuttings above and below]
The Census of 1881 records this big change in the Linney household. Julia (age given as 49) is now recorded as a widow and Head of the household, although she carries on the Stodman Street business as Printer& Stationer “employing 1 man & 1 boy”. The children Arthur and Caroline are still at home (ages given as 17 and 14) and were both employed in the business, being listed as Printer and Stationer’s Assistant respectively. A further child, Kate, aged 8, is also recorded.
By 1891, now living on London Road (near South Parade), only Caroline (23) and Kate (18?) are still at home with Julia (who now gives her age as 63). She still carries on the trade of “Printer & Stationer”, with her two daughters listed as assistants.
The 1901 Census records another house move (to 57 Whitfield Street) with Julia (aged 71) now joined by her son Francis (aged 38, unmarried) in the printing & stationary business. Caroline & Kate are no longer listed at home, and Julia and Francis are joined by a female live-in servant, “household domestic”.
By 1916 Linneys were advertising a shop on Stodman Street, Newark (See image below).