A Newark Timeline : Part 4

1600 – 1699

1600 – Newark parish church registers commence.



30th April – The earl of Melrose, with Mr Gilbert Primrose, and 48 Scotch riders dressed in mourning clothes, pass through Newark on their way to King James’ funeral.



1st July – New Charter granted to the town of Newark by Charles I transforming the Aldermen and Assistants into the Mayor and Aldermen as a body corporate.

12th July – The Mayor and Aldermen take their oaths.  Henry Gill is the first Mayor



Death of sir Francis Leeke into whose possession had passed the Friary and Chauntry at Newark



Thomas Buller, Town Clerk of Newark, committed to prison for saying the king was no Divine, and that His Majesty’s Council were Arminians or Papists



17th April – Marriage of Hercules Clay to Mary Lante in Newark parish church.  Hercules Clay’s dream and Penny Loaf Day are associated with the second Civil War Siege of the town in 1644.



The “great bridge over the Trent at Newark” repaired.



Visit to Newark of King Charles I and his Queen, Henrietta Maria.



Visit of King Charles I to Newark



King Charles I at Newark



King Charles I at Newark



King Charles I at Newark



King Charles I entertained by “My Lady of Exeter”



12th July – king Charles I addresses the knights, gentleman, and freeholders at Newark.  The Nottingham Date Book (Part 1 p132) says “During the month of July [1642] the king made a tour of the central parts of the kingdom, visiting most of the principal places from Doncaster to Leicester.

13th July – Lord Newark addresses the trained bands of Nottinghamshire at Newark.

17th July – “Having appointed the Earl of Cumberland to the chief command in Yorkshire, the king set forward on his journey southward.  On the 16th [July 1642] he was at Lincoln; on the 17th at Newark; and on the 18th he visited Southwell, and on the 19th he arrived at Nottingham.  The day after his arrival he reviewed his cavalry, which was about eight hundred strong….”  (Nottingham Date Book, part 1 p.133)

Autumn – The Marquis of Newcastle sends a garrison of 400 to Newark Castle to hold the town for the king against Parliamentarian forces.


December – With Nottingham being a Parliamentary stronghold, and Newark a stronghold for the king, gentry from the intervening country made their choice.  Those who sided with the king “threw themselves into Newark as a place of greater security than their own houses….”  (Shilton p.58).



28th February – The first siege of Newark takes place when General Ballard in command of the Parliamentary force, numbering 7,000 horse and foot, attacked the Castle garrison under Sir John Henderson.  The parliamentarians had noted the strengthening of fortifications in Newark, with ammunition and provisions being stockpiled in the town, and cannon mounted at strategic points on the perimeter.  Newark was undoubtedly becoming a formidable Cavalier stronghold, and it was “in order to nip this progress in its bud” (Shilton p.58) that the parliamentarians determined to lay siege and capture the town for their own cause.  The besiegers were repulsed.


May – The Newark Garrison makes a sally to Grantham and is met by Colonel Oliver Cromwell.  The garrison is driven back with 60 slain and the loss of prisoners and colours.

Whitsuntide – Sir Richard Byron succeeds Sir John Henderson as Governor of Newark.

16th June – Queen Henrietta Maria arrives at Newark.  She leaves on 3rd July.



March – early – The Newark garrison sallies forth and falls upon the Scots’ guards under General David Leslie – a desperate encounter.

28th March – The Parliament’s committee send a summons from Balderton to the Governor of Newark to surrender.

31st March – Lord Bellasis, the Governor of Newark,. replies to the summons refusing to surrender unless by order of the king.

April: Newark continues to hold out against the besiegers notwithstanding great privations

8th or 10th April : King Charles sends a message to Lord Bellasis, the Governor, leaving him latitude to treat for the surrender of the town.

27th April : Second summons sent to Lord Bellasis to surrender

29th April : Lord Bellasis replies to the summons appointing Commissioners to discuss terms

5th May (Tuesday) : King Charles arrives at the Saracen’s Head Hotel in Southwell, at 7am and meets the French envoy, Montreil, who had been sent to advise him and negotiate terms with the Scotch Commissioners staying at the Archiepiscopal Palace at Southwell.  The king dined with the Commissioners at the Saracen’s Head and then surrendered to them.  In the afternoon they all went to Genaral David Leslie’s headquarters of the Scots army at Kelham.  The King was kept prisoner at Kelham House.

6th May (Wednesday) : King Charles sends a letter from Kelham to Lord Bellasis in Newark directing him to make terms of surrender

Articles are signed for the surrender of Newark Castle and garrison to the Parliamentary army

7th May (Thursday) : The Scots army marches away taking the King in charge

8th May (Friday) : Lord Bellasis, Lord Lexington, Lord Deyncourt and the Royalist soldiers march out of Newark, having been ordered by the King to surrender the town.

9th May (Saturday) : The Font in Newark church is “demolished by ye rebels”.

11th May (Monday) : The Dismantling of Newark Castle commenced.  Shilton (p.169) says “Armed with every instrument of demolition, on Monday morning the 11th of May, 1646, in rushed the summoned neighbourhood – havoc was the order of the day…”

15th May (Friday) :  Sale of Corporation Plate in consequence of the want of public funds.

18th July : Richard Thorneton, labourer, was buried having been killed by a fall of stone at the pulling down of Newark Castle




28th February : Baptism of John Blow, believed to be Dr. Blow, famous musical composer, in Newark parish church



7th November : William Dewsberry, a Quaker, assaulted whilst preaching at a meeting in Newark




29th May : Rejoicings in Newark at the Restoration of Charles II to the throne.  Sermon preached in the parish church by the Rev. Samuel Brunseil (?), Rector of Bingham

Font in Newark parish church restored



From this year Newark commenced to be represented regularly in Parliament.  Sir Richard Rothwell and Sir George Markham elected to the first Parliament of Charles II



11th October : Colonel Hutchinson, who had been a leader in the Parliament’s army, taken prisoner at Owthorpe (his Nottinghamshire home) and brought to Newark.  He is incarcerated in the prison cell in Newark Market Place.  [Hutchinson died while in custody at Sandown Castle, Kent, on 11th September 1664].



Plague in Newark:  The Nottingham Date Book (Part 1, p.160) says “Amongst other places grievously visited with the prevailing sickness of this year [1666], which had almost made a desert of London, was the town of Newark.  The disease is said to have carried off more than a third of the inhabitants, and it continued to rage so great a length of time that the streets were entirely grown over with grass.  The inhumation of bodies was prohibited within the precincts of the town, and a large pit was opened at the southern extremity of Millgate, not gar from the bridge over the Devon, into which the dead were conveyed by a cart every morning before sunrise”

Thomas White, afterwards Bishop of Peterborough, resigned the vicarage of Newark



Foundation of the Jersey School:  “Henry Stone, by his will bearing the date 6th July this year, bequeathed £700 to be settled in trust by his executors for the foundation of a Jersey spinning school in the borough of Newark, and for the employment of poor people”  [Nottingham Date Book, Part 1, p.160]



21st March:  New Charter granted giving Newark the right to send two representatives to Parliament.

7th August:  Election of Mr H. Savile and Sir Paul Neale as MPs under the new Charter.



Mr H. Savile and Sir Richard Rothwell, bart., elected as MPs



Death of the Revd. Abraham Pierson, a clergyman at Newark, who went to America about 1638 and founded the city of Newark New Jersey.

18th February:  Robert Leeke and Lord Deincourt elected as MPs



28th August:  Sir Robert Markham, bart., and Sir Richard Rothwell, bart., elected MPs



24th February:  Sir Robert Markham, bart., and Sir Richard Rothwell, bart., re-elected MPs




26th March:  Sir H. Savile and Philip Darcy elected MPs.



24th February:  King James II issued an order removing the then Mayor and some of the Aldermen from office and nominated others in their place.

Sir Henry Savile presents the principal piece of plate to Newark Corporation: a tall cup and cover of silver gilt.



6th July: Henry Stone, benefactor to education in Newark, makes his will.




8th January:  Lord Eland and Nicholas Saunderson elected MPs  (The Convention called by William of Orange upon the flight of James II)



February:  Sir Francis Molyneux elected MP in place of Nicholas Saunderson deceased.

The Manor of Newark, after having been held by lessees, reverts to the Crown.



9th April:  Sir George Markham elected MP in place of Lord Eland who succeeded to the peerage as the Marquis of Halifax.

22nd October:  Sir George Markham and Sir Francis Molyneux  elected MPs

October:  King William III at Newark.  The town presents him with a silver sceptre which he would not accept; then with a bag of gold, but he refused that also, saying the taxes were great.



Library given by Bishop White to Newark church

25th July:  John Raynor and James Saunderson elected as MPs

24th December:  William Warburton, afterwards Bishop of Gloucester, born at Newark.  He died in January 1779.